Audi 80/Avant (B4)

since 1991-1995 of release

Repair and car operation



Audi 80/Avant
+ Technical specification
- Engines
   Basic elements
   Greasing system
   Case ventilation
   Visual check of the engine
   Running in of the new engine
   Engine service life
   Nominal and maximum frequency of rotation
   Restriction of frequency of rotation
   Measurement of pressure of compression
   List of malfunctions
   Provorachivaniye of the engine
   Hydraulic pushers
   Works on the GRM gear belt
   List of malfunctions
   Removal and installation of a head of the block of cylinders
   Removal and engine installation
+ System of production of the fulfilled gases
+ cooling System
+ Fuel tank and fuel pump
+ Air filter and airintaking channels
+ injection System
+ Coupling
+ Transmission and transmission
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Brake system
+ Anti-blocking system of brakes
+ Wheels and tires
+ Body electrosystem
+ ignition System
+ Lighting
+ Signalling devices
+ Devices and auxiliary devices
+ Heating and ventilation
+ body Elements
+ Search of malfunctions
+ Specifications





Basic elements

Who is interested in operation of the engine, will find the short description of the major parts before we will pass to repair work and servicing below.

Pistons, rods and cylinders

In the top third of each piston in the corresponding flutes it is elastic three piston rings are inserted. They, амортизируя, press on a cylinder wall. Both top piston rings do not pass gases from the combustion chamber down in a case while the bottom maslosjemny piston ring prevents excessive hit of greasing from a case in the combustion chamber.

Cylinders to which pistons go up and down, are located in the pig-iron block of cylinders of the engine. Internal walls of cylinders are ground by crosswise polishing. Walls of the cylinder should not be absolutely smooth because differently oil necessary for greasing cannot keep on them. At engine repair working surfaces of cylinders can be ground to two times.

Cranked shaft

The problem of a cranked shaft consists in transforming rectilinear movement going in the cylinder up and down pistons to a rotary motion.

Connecting drafts conducting to pistons – rods – affect a cranked shaft, they are located on shatunny necks of a cranked shaft. For prevention of excessive vibration opposite to shatunny necks counterbalances are placed.

To prevent a progibaniye of a cranked shaft in use, it have at the 4-cylinder engine on five, and at 5-cylinder on six bearings – radical necks. Each "knee" located on a rod, thus, on the right and at the left is supported by the bearing. In a different way at the 6-cylinder engine: for reasons of economy of a place here two rods are always located between two radical bearings. Thereby such engine has in total 4 main radical bearings.

Behind in the movement direction on cranked to a shaft the disk with a gear wreath for a starter gear wheel is located. It is a flywheel on which coupling is mounted and, thereby, communication with a transmission, or a conducted disk to which the converter of a torque of an automatic transmission is attached is carried out. On other end of a cranked shaft the leading gear wheel of a gear belt and a pulley are attached.

Head of the block of cylinders and camshaft

The head of the block of cylinders in a sense represents the top border of chambers of combustion.

In the top of a head of the block of cylinders the camshaft is located. Cams it forces valves to open and be closed by (clowns) at certain positions of pistons. Thereby it defines gazoraspredeleniye phases. The drive of a camshaft provides a cranked shaft with means of a gear belt.

But the drive of valves occurs not directly through a camshaft. Intermediate instance are so-called tarelchaty pushers. Each such tarelchaty pusher is put on a valve core.

Hydraulic pushers

Drive of valves by means of a hydraulic pusher: the oil which was under an elevated pressure is designated by red color. Light-red color means the amount of oil not necessary for a drive of valves.

1–camshaft cam;
2–oil tank;
3–return valve;
4–oil inflow;
5–chamber of a high pressure;

6–valve core;
7–compression spring;
8–cylinder;
9–piston;
10-hydraulic pusher.

Hydraulic regulation of a gap is built in already mentioned tarelchaty hydraulic pushers in valves. This device leads to that control of a gap necessary earlier in valves can be not carried out now: the drive of valves works without gaps, the dense prileganiye of the closed valves on a valve saddle and by that faultless tightness is and still provided.

 Help: the engine with hydraulic pushers can at the first start after long parking cause loud knocking sounds. This effect arises, if from hydraulic pushers all oil flowed out and by that the gap in a drive of valves was again formed. It is not necessary to worry: later short time this sound disappears and the drive of valves works again silently. If one of hydraulic pushers knocks long time even at the heated-up engine, it is necessary for checking.

Action of hydraulic pushers

At the closed valve oil from lubricant system of the engine gets through a ring groove to a tarelchaty pusher. After passing of the return valve in a pusher greasing gets in empty still the chamber of a high pressure and completely fills it.

Besides, the spring presses a tarelchaty pusher to a camshaft.

If the camshaft and its eccentric cam now turns presses on a tarelchaty pusher, in the chamber pressure rises. The return valve closes an inlet opening thanks to what oil cannot come to light any more. As oil is not compressed, rigid connection between a tarelchaty pusher and the cylinder thereby is established. That is the valve can be squeezed out down force of a cam.

After valve closing because of leakage of oil there is a small gap which, however, is immediately counterbalanced by the spring of compression which is squeezing out a tarelchaty pusher up. In the increased volume of the chamber of a high pressure at the open return valve oil again directs. Thereby the hydraulic pusher is ready to the following drive of the valve.

Gear belt

Passing of a gear belt in the 6-cylinder engine

1–a pulley of the pump of cooling liquid;
2–tension roller;

3–gear pulley of a belt of a cranked shaft;
4–a directing roller.

The gear belt actuated by cranked shaft is almost silent element of a drive of a camshaft.

Gear belts 4-and the 5-cylinder engine are equipped with so-called thermosensitive tension rollers.

Drive of a gear belt of the 4-cylinder engine

1–tension roller;
2–thermoelement;

3–gear belt.


Drive of a gear belt of the 5-cylinder engine

1–gear belt;
2–tension roller;

3–thermoelement.

The gear rubber belt reinforced by a steel wire works without wear, besides the rubber mix of a gear belt provides dry greasing of pulleys. Along with a camshaft the gear belt puts in action at models with 5-and 6-cylinder engines including the pump of cooling liquid. On models with 4-cylinder engines the belt in addition gives a pomezhutochny shaft which in turn actuates the oil pump and the distributor.

Laying of a head of the block of cylinders

Laying between the block of cylinders and a head of the block of cylinders provides isolation from each other chambers of combustion and channels for cooling liquid and oil. Thus it should resist to extreme fluctuations of temperature and pressure.